Evaluation of efficacy of SANBIO additives for feed, water and manure on productive performance of weaners, Russia

Evaluation of efficacy of SANBIO additives for feed, water and manure on productive performance of weaners, Russia

Belgorod, Russia (September 15, 2014) – Weaning is a stressful experience for young piglets, affecting them both socially and physiologically. In many piggeries weaning is more stressful than it should be, with severe growth checks and even deaths. These deaths and growth checks have a large impact on grower herd performance, resulting in reduced profitability. However, high standards of management can dramatically reduce postweaning losses and improve growth rates by moderating the stress of weaning. The shorter the suckling period, the more sophisticated the housing, feeding and management skills required to raise the piglets.

The present study was planned to investigate the effect of SANBIO additives for feed, water and manure on the performance of weaners.

1.  Background

The pig farm of the Frunze farm near Belgorod, which retained the collective farm status, maintained 45, 587 pigs in 1991 and 48 799 pigs in 2000. The numbers of boars were 86 and 104, respectively, and 2,225 and 2,250 of sows. The average annual numbers of piglets/sow were 14.4 and 17.2, respectively. Average slaughter weights were 122.2 and 120.3 kg. Average daily liveweight gains were 420 and 490 g, with feed consumption during fattening of 5.59 and 5.31 kg. The numbers of man hours/100 kg pig meat were 6.3 and 5.8, respectively. Data are also presented on profitability, employment and social conditions.

This project is being carried out within the collaboration between the collective farm KOLKHOZ FRUNSE (ООО «Завод имени Фрунзе «ТД») Belgorod – Russia, GEOCON WEST – Russia and SANBOS GmbH – Germany.

2.  Materials and methods

During the 76-day-feeding period 639 weaners were assigned to treatments without and with supplementation of Sanbio SANA and Sanbio AQUA to feed and water as well as spray of manure additive on the ground of barnes. The trial was run without adverse technical events (e.g. power failure, feed/water failures, etc.).

Table 1. Overview of the Mycotoxins level of diet fed to piglets

Mycotoxins Unit Pre-starter diet SK3 Starter diet SK4 Limit according GMP+ Standard Evaluation
DON – Deoxynivalenol µg/kg 210 110 1000 OK
Aflatoxin µg/kg <0.1 <0.1 5 OK
Zearalenone µg/kg Not analyzed <5 100 OK
Ochratoxin µg/kg Not analyzed <1 50 OK
T2/H2-Toxin µg/kg Not analyzed <10 250 OK
Fumonisin µg/kg Not analyzed <25 5,000 OK

Table 2. Overview of the nutrition value of diet fed to piglets

Parameter Unit Pre-starter diet SK3 Starter diet SK4 Feed of leading provider Evaluation
Water % Not analyzed 8.4 Good
Fat % Not analyzed 5.8 Good
Total protein % Not analyzed 16.9 22…24 Low
Ash % Not analyzed 4.5 Good
Carbohydrates % Not analyzed 64.4 Good
Nutrition value MJ/kg Not analyzed 15.97 14…18 Good

Table 3. Treatments

Task Treatment
Diet Mixture of barley, wheat, corn, soy
Feed additive Sanbio SANA, rate 2 kg/t diet
Water additive Sanbio AQUA, rate 0.1 L/1000 L water
Manure additive Sanbio TERRA, rate 3.5 kg/week, sprayed onto ground of barnes

2.  Results

Table 4. Productive performance

Treatment Unit Control SANBIO Control vs. SANBIO
Start of trial   2014-08-06 2014-08-03  
End of trial   2014-09-15 2014-09-15  
Days   41 44  
No of piglets at start Pc 52 587  
No of piglets at end Pc 51 580  
Losses Pc 1 7  
Mortality % 1.9 1.2 -36.8 %
Body weigth per pig at start kg 7.3 7.7  
Body weight per pig at end kg 22.35 25.93  
Body weight gain per pig kg 15.05 18.23 +21.1 %
Daily gain per pig g/d 367 414 +47 g/d
Daily feed intake kg/d 28.59 32.81 +14.7 %
Feed conversion rate FCR kg/kg 1.9 1.8 -5.55 %

Figure 1. Productive performance

3.  Photographs

Figure 2. Barnes complex

Figure 3. Barnes complex

Figure 4. Fooder silo, air inlet, air outlet

Figure 5. Feeder and air outlet suction

Figure 5. Housing conditions

Figure 6. Slatted floor

4.  Conclusion

To summarize, the present study shows significantly positive effects of SANBIO products on productive performance.

The positive effects at a glance:

  • Safety and tolerance when used dietary additions
  • Safe feed (Sanbio SANA) and water (Sanbio AQUA)
  • Clean ambient air in the barnes due to adsorption of toxic gases (Sanbio TERRA)
  • Increase of survival rate of weaners (+36.8%)
  • Improve of FCR (5.55%)
  • Increase of body weight (21.1%, resp. 47g/d).